The three biggest political parties in the US are the Democrats, the Republicans, and the Libertarians. The Green Party of the US is the fourth major party, while the Constitutional Party is the fifth. All three major parties have a significant presence in American politics, but only one is representative of a true democratic system.



The three major political parties that have a major presence in our political system are the Democrats, the Republicans, and the Libertarians. The Democrats were formed in 1828 in response to the election of President Andrew Jackson, whose popularity fell off significantly in his second term. While they were originally considered to be a liberal party, the Democrats have moved closer to liberalism and become more pragmatic over the years.


Most Democratic politicians today are not necessarily progressive and they have changed their approach to many issues over the years. The Democrats tend to be very cautious about cutting Social Security and other programs that benefit middle class families. They have been very opposed to welfare spending and social programs that benefit minorities. Many liberals favor single-payer health care, while many Democrats oppose it, preferring to leave this issue to the private sector. While both parties generally support strong civil rights and anti-discrimination laws, the Democrats often favor more stringent laws and they tend to be much more socially conservative than the Republicans.


In contrast, the Republicans generally support the party’s agenda more than the Democrats do. They support fiscal conservatism, low taxes, smaller government, free markets, smaller regulation of businesses, and strong defense and national security policies. Their major source of revenue is through personal income tax, business taxes, gasoline tax, tobacco taxes, estate tax, and customs duties. Unlike the Democrats, the Republicans favor a strong public education system and strongly support the notion that a person should have an equal opportunity to achieve economic success regardless of gender, race, religion, or socioeconomic status. The Republican Party also supports a strong welfare state, strong protectionist trade policies, and strong defense of religious freedom.


As compared to the minor parties in our political system, the Constitution party is one of the smallest and has been steadily declining since its creation in 1980. The Constitution party promotes a highly limited federal government that encourages small business and a laissez-faire economics. The Constitution party does not support any form of social services. Their major focus is on individual freedom, limited government, and a strong family structure. Unlike the Democrats and Republicans, the Constitution party has a very poor track record when it comes to the promotion of democracy.


Although the Constitution party is one of the smallest parties in our American political system, it has been one of the most successful. In the last six elections, they have won two out of six Senate seats, three of six House seats, and one governor’s office. The Constitution Party is expected to win control of the governorship of Massachusetts this year, and they are expected to make large gains in the legislature in Maine and Vermont.